GOOD FRIDAY to ALL of My CRAZY COOL GROOVY Family, friends, Frats, Fans, Followers, Frienemies, and FANTABULICIOSTIACL Funky Fresh Fly Folk of ALL Colors, Shapes, Sizes, Flavors, Persuasions, and Denominations!!!
In 1975, the SICKLE CELL DISEASE ASSOCIATION Of AMERICA (SCDAA) designatd the month of September as SICKLE CELL DISEASE AWARENESS MONTH.
What is SICKLE CELL DISEASE???
SICKLE CELL DISEASE (SCD) or SICKLE CELL ANEMIA (SCA) is a hereditary blood disorder, characterized by an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying haemoglobin molecule in red blood cells that leads to a propensity for the cells to assume an abnormal, rigid, sickle-like shape under certain circumstances. Sickle-cell disease is associated with a number of acute and chronic health problems, such as severe infections and attacks of severe pain ("sickle-cell crisis"), and an increased risk of death. Sickle-cell disease occurs when a person inherits two abnormal copies of the haemoglobin gene, one from each parent. Several subtypes exist, depending on the exact mutation in each haemoglobin gene.
A person with a single abnormal copy does not experience symptoms and is said to have SICKLE CELL TRAIT (SCT).
The complications of sickle-cell disease can be prevented to a large extent with vaccination, preventative antibiotics, blood transfusion, and the drug hydroxyurea/hydroxycarbamide. A small proportion requires a transplant of bone marrow cells.
Who is most at risk for SCD/SCA???
According to the NATIONAL HEART, LUNG And BLOOD INSTITUTE (NHLBI), it is most common in people whose families come from AFRICA, the CARIBBEAN, CENTRAL and SOUTH AMERICA, INDIA, SOUTH ASIA, and the MEDITERRANEAN.
In the United States, it's estimated that sickle cell anemia affects 70,000–100,000 people, mainly BLACK PEOPLE.
The disease occurs in about 1 out of every 500 BLACK BABIES.
Sickle cell anemia also affects Hispanic Americans. The disease occurs in more than 1 out of every 36,000 Hispanic American births.
More than 2 million Americans have sickle cell trait. The condition occurs in about 1 in 12 BLACK PEOPLE.
What are some COMPLICATIONS of SICKLE CELL DISEASE???
Some of the potential complications of SICKLE CELL DISEASE can include the following:
Are there support groups for persons/families dealing with SCD/SCA???
YES, there are many organizations that offer support and resources for individuals and/or their families.
They include the aforementioned SCDAA, as well as CHILDREN'S SICKLE CELL FOUNDATION (CSCF), AMERICAN SICKLE CELL ANEMIA FOUNDATION (ASCAF), and the SICKLE CELL FOUNDATION SUPPORT GROUP (SCFSG).
HAPPY LET'S #BreakTheSickleCycle to #ChompOutSickleCell for SICKLE CELL DISEASE AWARENESS MONTH FRIDAY!!!
PEACE, LOVE, And BLESSINGS;